Education

Education is the process of facilitating learning, or the acquisition of knowledge, skills, values, morals, beliefs, habits, and personal development Education originated as transmission of cultural heritage from one generation to the next. Today, educational goals increasingly encompass new ideas such as liberation of learners, critical thinking about presented information, skills needed for the modern society, empathy and complex vocational skills.

Teaching Speech Communication

Teaching Speech Communication

We learn about sociolinguistic competence from the “marriage” between
sociology and linguistics. Sociolinguistics helps us become more aware that the
existence of the line “We cannot buy class” calls for a substantial knowledge of words
and wisdom of the abstracts.

Photographic Memories of Asilo De Infância Desvalida Da Horta. Portugal

Photographic Memories of Asilo De Infância Desvalida Da Horta. Portugal

Asilo da Infância Desvalida was established on December 28, 1858 – the date of the celebration of the the Innocent Saints Festivity of the Catholic Church – and it operated with this name until 1971. Its central objective was to help the disadvantaged poverty of the female “exposed”, and its mission was to assist young girls in situations of neglect or extreme poverty. This organisation, which operated in a logic of community residence, consisted, thus, of an institution for the care of unprotected children and young girls. This book displays several photographs, which are a form of visual communication as a relevant element in the (re)construction of the memory and legitimisation of an organisation. This work always bears in mind that no photograph is neutral, that is, each photographic record presented is always a representation of reality.

Developing Instructional Materials for ESL Courses: A Study Guide

Developing Instructional Materials for ESL Courses: A Study Guide

In a teaching-learning situation, instructional materials can be authentic or real objects used as alternative channels of communication to help the teachers concretize some abstractions so they can convey vivid information to learners. Furthermore, instructional materials can define the goals, objectives, approaches, methods, strategies, and techniques of the syllabus as well as the roles of the teachers and the learners (Wright, 1987) with reference to the learning domains (cognitive, psychomotor, and affective). The rationale behind having instructional materials is that they serve as a resource for presentation, activities, stimulation, and ideas for classroom learning (Cunningsworth, 1995) as well as a platform to induce or enhance creativity. Meanwhile, Kurt (2017) defines instructional design as the creation of instructional materials, modules, or lessons. It can also be a technology to develop the learners’ experiences as well as to promote the acquisition of specific knowledge and needed skills for a certain degree program. Factors in designing instructional materials include the following: learner, context, resources and facilities, personal confidence and competence, copyright compliance, and time ((Malley, 1998). Five (5) of the most popular instructional design models are the ADDIE Model, Merrill’s Principles of Instruction, Gagne’s Events of Instructions, Bloom’s Taxonomy, and Kemp Instructional Design Model. Digital learning terms include 21st Century skills, App flow, Asynchronous learning, Synchronous learning, Blended learning, among others. The exercises call for further discussions and application on the learning domains (cognitive, psychomotor, and affective); sample printed materials (flyer, leaflet, pamphlet, and brochure); factors in designing instructional materials; and design creatives. Assessment requires the students to submit a compilation of the different Projected and Non-projected instructional materials.

Higher Education in Times of Change

Higher Education in Times of Change

The overall common thread of this e-Book is education in general and higher education in particular. At a time of profound changes in the educational arena and across society at large, thinking higher education and its dynamics is paramount. This e-Book gathers five selected articles published by the authors between 2018 and 2020 that tackle, analyse and discuss some very current topics, such as the transversal competences higher education institutions need to provide their students with, considering their relevance to preparing the future professionals; the importance of Sociology of Education in promoting sustainability literacy in higher education; the COVID-19 pandemic and how it is reshaping the educational arena and the learning and teaching process; and the funding of the scientific publication in Open Access, an increasingly central outlet for the dissemination of the scientific production. The authors hope to offer the educational field some insights, hindrances but also possibilities that lie ahead of the higher education dynamics, actors, policies and forces.

Mathematical Model of Geopolitics

Mathematical Model of Geopolitics

The mathematical model of geopolitics is a conditional name for several models, which are naturally connected and act as accompaniment to the main theme — geopolitics. All constructed work models made the transition to computing experiment, the results of which are given and discussed. The central concept of the mathematical model of geopolitics is introduced — the capacity of the habitat. Geopolitics is the climate, the relief, the logistics features of global commodity flows, the geopolitical confrontation in terms of the “sea-continent”, i.e. all that constitutes the material complex of living conditions of the inhabitants of the Earth. This complex, to a large extent, mediates the population’s behavior from the political point of view. The author does not adhere to the position of natural determinism, which acts in the form of geopolitics, but tries to delineate the scope of the manifestation of geopolitics in real politics.
The monograph provides clarification and generalization of the generally accepted geopolitical classification of territories in terms of orientation and positioning either at sea or on the continent. The mathematical model of transport costs minimization for an arbitrary number of points acting in the form of logistic centers is formulated.

Leadership in the Formation of an Organization

Leadership in the Formation of an Organization

The importance of leadership in the foundation and legitimization of an organization is a pressing issue in organizational studies. This book, Leadership in the formation of an organization, which focuses on an organizational case study – the formation of Asilo de Infância Desvalida da Horta (a foster organization for girls and young women), in the Azores, Portugal, seeks to contribute to the analysis the relative autonomy that leadership faces and which it has to deal with in the search for its legitimacy as an organization. The book concludes with the reproduction of a booklet, dated 1884, titled Memória histórica sobre o Asilo de Infância Desvalida da Cidade da Horta [Historical memory on Asilo de Infância Desvalida da Cidade da Horta], which offers relevant arguments of this study. Furthermore, in addition to the analysis put forth here, its facsimile availability in digital version is deemed pertinent.

Cricket Reading Handbook

Cricket Reading Handbook

All over the world, there is extensive folklore and tradition associated with crickets. In Brazil, a black cricket in a room is said to foretell illness; a gray one, money; and a green one, hope while chirping is sometimes interpreted as a sign of imminent rain, a financial bonanza, pregnancy, or death. During the Spanish conquest of America, the sudden chirping of a cricket heralded the sighting of new land. The Chinese have practised cricket fighting as a sport for a long time. The Cherokee Indians believed that drinking tea made of crickets would make one a good singer. In Zambia, cricket is believed to bring good fortune to anyone who sees it. Among the Luos of Kenya it is believed that eating crickets improves one’s singing prowess. Crickets are known as nyenje in Kiswahili. In Luo language, they are referred to as Onjiri. Other local names include ngiriama in Meru, Egesiriri in Kisii, Sitsilili in Luhya, Ngiria in Kikuyu and Ngili in Kamba.

Hypercomplementemia

Hypercomplementemia

The complement system is formed form a group of sera of plasma proteins found in fresh vertebrate sera. The number of these components are ranging between 30-40 components with their own receptors. Such components appeared in vertebrate at electrophoro-grames in the arcs of alpha1 , alpha2 , beta and gamma globulins. Through , components differs from immunological characteristics. Components protein are heat labile at 56c for half an hour. Complement can be activated in sequential manner of their own component with marked subunit assembly & functional units help in phagocytosis and cell lysis components system has fluid and membrane phases and a activated in three steps initiators, amplification and membrane attack. The activation is established in three pathways ; the classical , the properidin and the lectin pathways. Properidin is found in natural immunity , classical and lectin in the adaptive immunity .

Graduate Seminar: Study Guide

Graduate Seminar: Study Guide

This Graduate Seminar Study Guide is specifically made for graduate students who have Thesis Writing in their degree program. Enrolling in this course (Graduate Seminar) means one is to deal with writing seminar paper, seminar paper presentation, making research poster, and writing research article for journal publication. The main “venue” for these requirements for application purposes is attending academic conferences. Moreover, the ultimate goal of this course is getting research articles published in academic journals. “Going places” literally and figuratively along with the “meeting of the minds” take place when one has the opportunity to participate in academic conferences. Aside from that, having a “sound engagement” with conference speakers, guests, presenters, and other participants help develop one’s intellectual and social skills in public communication. By the way, having a photo opportunity with experts in the field and guest celebrities while attending academic conferences is something to look forward to no matter what. All these things among others would be more meaningful if one has something to present in plenary or parallel sessions. This Graduate Seminar Study Guide aims to encourage graduate students to share their expertise either in academic conferences or via journal publications.

Second Language Teaching: A Study Guide

Second Language Teaching: A Study Guide

Module 1 explores on the approaches, methods, and strategies in Second Language Teaching (SLT) or English Language Teaching (ELT). It introduces some modern trends in education, Internet links for learning and teaching the English language, innovative learning strategies, and Gardner’s Multiple Intelligences. It also discusses some overviews on listening, speaking, and reading. The Learning Tasks/Activities include discussion on the Principles of Second Language Acquisition (SLA), speech production, text analysis, translation, IQ, EQ, and classroom environment (then and now). Figures that serve as abstract yet concrete platforms for further ELT studies have mindboggling titles such as the following: Thoughts and Words, Melody and Rhythm, Arts and Research, Watch and Listen, Lights and Colors, Then and Now, Programs and Development, and Life and Leisure. Assessments require the students to submit a picture dictionary and a PowerPoint presentation.