Author’s Guidelines

Authors are requested to submit their original papers using the submission website of the respective journal.


It is important that the file be saved in the native format of the word processor used. The text should be in single-column format. Keep the layout of the text as simple as possible. Most formatting codes will be removed and replaced on processing the article.To avoid unnecessary errors you are strongly advised to use the ‘spell-check’ and ‘grammar-check’ functions of your word processor.

Manuscript Preparation

The title page should include:
  • A concise and informative title
  • The name(s) of the author(s)
  • The affiliation(s) and address(es) of the author(s)
  • The e-mail address, telephone and fax numbers of the corresponding author.
  • An abstract of 150 to 250 words. The abstract should not contain any undefined abbreviations or unspecified references.
  • A list of 4 to 6 keywords which can be used for indexing purposes.

Manuscripts should be prepared using Microsoft Word or Word perfect software. A Microsoft Word template is available for manuscript preparation.

  • Use a normal, plain font (e.g., 10-point Times New Roman) for text. (Style Normal in the template)
  • Use numbered headings for dividing manuscript in to sections and sub-sections ( Style: Heading1, Heading2 and Heading 3 in the template)
  • Use the table function, not spread sheets, to make tables.
  • Use the equation editor or MathType for equations.
  • Save your file in docx format (Word 2007 or higher) or doc format (older Word versions).


Download MS WORD Template

  • All tables are to be numbered using Arabic numerals.
  • Tables should always be cited in text in consecutive numerical order.
  • For each table, please supply a table caption (title) explaining the components of the table.
  • Identify any previously published material by giving the original source in the form of a reference at the end of the table caption.
  • Footnotes to tables should be indicated by superscript lower-case letters (or asterisks for significance values and other statistical data) and included beneath the table body.
It is highly recommended that you submit all of your artwork – photographs, line drawings, etc. as a part of your manuscript.
  • All figures are to be numbered using Arabic numerals.
  • Figures should always be cited in text in consecutive numerical order.
  • Figure parts should be denoted by lowercase letters (a, b, c, etc.).
  • Each figure should have a concise caption describing accurately what the figure depicts.
  • Include the captions in the text file of the manuscript, not in the figure file.
  • Identify previously published material by giving the original source in the form of a reference citation at the end of the figure caption.

Manuscript Length

There is no restriction on the length of submitted manuscripts. However, authors should note that publication of lengthy papers, typically greater than thirty pages, is often significantly delayed, as the length of the paper acts as a disincentive to the reviewer to undertake the review process.


  • Reference citations in the text should be identified by numbers in square brackets.
  • Some examples: This result was later contradicted by Becker and Seligman [5]. This effect has been widely studied [1-3, 7].
  • The list of references should only include works that are cited in the text and that have been published or accepted for publication.
  • Personal communications and unpublished works should only be mentioned in the text.
  • Do not use footnotes or endnotes as a substitute for a reference list.
  • The entries in the list should be numbered consecutively.
For authors using EndNote, We provide an output style to Download that supports the formatting of in-text citations and reference list. MS Word Template EndNote Style