Social Sciences

Social science is the branch of science devoted to the study of societies and the relationships among individuals within those societies. The term was formerly used to refer to the field of sociology, the original “science of society”, established in the 19th century. In addition to sociology, it now encompasses a wide array of academic disciplines, including anthropology, archaeology, economics, human geography, linguistics, management science, political science, psychology, and history.

Global Set Theory

Global Set Theory

Our reasoning is based on 2-valued logic. That is, we are convinced that a statement is either true or false. 2-valued logic is said to be the logic of the Absolute. The true (1) and the false (0) are expressions of the degree of truth, and called truth values. Truth values 1 and 0 form a complete Boolean lattice 2 with operations ∨, ∧, ¬ : 2 = ⟨ {1, 0} : ∧(and), ∨ : (or), ¬(not) ⟩ The logic represented by Boolean lattice is called a classical logic. Thus, we accept the law of excluded middle and distributive law as logical axioms. Classical set theory is developed by the classical logic with axioms which characterize ‘sets’. The whole sets forms the universe of set theory. A model V of the universe of classical set theory is constructed inductively from empty set ∅ by adding power sets of existing sets repeatedly : Vα = {u | ∃β ∈α(u:Vβ →2)}, V = ∪ α∈On Vα , where subset of Vβ is represented by 2-valued characteristic function, i.e. u ⊂ Vβ def ⇐⇒ u:Vβ →2. Mathematics, which is a language of science, is developed in the classical set theory.

Photographic Memories of Asilo De Infância Desvalida Da Horta. Portugal

Photographic Memories of Asilo De Infância Desvalida Da Horta. Portugal

Asilo da Infância Desvalida was established on December 28, 1858 – the date of the celebration of the the Innocent Saints Festivity of the Catholic Church – and it operated with this name until 1971. Its central objective was to help the disadvantaged poverty of the female “exposed”, and its mission was to assist young girls in situations of neglect or extreme poverty. This organisation, which operated in a logic of community residence, consisted, thus, of an institution for the care of unprotected children and young girls. This book displays several photographs, which are a form of visual communication as a relevant element in the (re)construction of the memory and legitimisation of an organisation. This work always bears in mind that no photograph is neutral, that is, each photographic record presented is always a representation of reality.

Portfolio of scientific articles from 2010 to 2020

Portfolio of scientific articles from 2010 to 2020

This work aims to study the influence of the socio-educational environment on student performance. It seeks to identify the scope of the relationship between variables or dimensions of school climate and academic performance. From 227 students and 36 public and private high school educators and colleges from the city of Agboville, we assessed their perception with the multidimensional assessment scale of student well-being in schools by Guimard et al., (2014). Multivariate regression analysis and cross-tabulations of variables have elucidated the interactions between a person’s behaviors, individual characteristics, and the environment in which they evolve. The data collected showed that school performance depends on the feeling of security, the learning conditions, the state of the teacher- student relationship, the overall satisfaction of students and their well-being in the school environment. This study proves that the best academic results of learners are intimately linked to the establishment of a quality socio- educational environment.

Differences between Digital and Physical Cash Availability across Digital Supply Chains: A Case Study about Brazilian Banking Systems

Differences between Digital and Physical Cash Availability across Digital Supply Chains: A Case Study about Brazilian Banking Systems

Purpose: This research work differentiates digital and physical cash availability based in the hypothesis that digital money is created using further virtual enterprises efficiency while physical cash, even utilizing digital supply chains, depends fundamentally of material management efficiency. This research was also considering that banks were one segment which very developed virtual integrations due to their peculiarities (high value transportation, storage, and etc.). Design Methodology: They are three different case studies. The first one about BB (Banco do Brasil), Itau, and Bradesco (the three biggest commercial banks) operations in Brazil for availability of Physical money, using official data kept by Central Bank of Brazil, IBGE, and those three above cited Banks. The digital money availability was another case study investigating the whole payment system of Brazil using POS, card, credit, debit information provided by BCB. The third case study was designed for investigating practices of digital supply chains through further usages in BB, Bradesco, and Itau. However, during the research, the original plan got no enough results, turning the last case investigation more about the same whole payment system, informing the clouding computing, the interoperability, and the reduction of physical demands like introductory results. Finding: This dissertation were able of mapping graphically how the physical money is spread across banking operations into the Brazilian territory, better saying, it shows Brazilian Bank – the total sum of Branches of BB , Bradesco and Itaú – concentrations in each municipality, and the availability of M0- Branches Reserves of those same banks across those same municipalities. The Digital money applications pointed the debit, credit, online transferring, STR, TED, DOC, intrabank operations as very used examples of digital money. Visa and Master card are the two main banner card used in Brazil, but this country has challenges of internet and mobile usages for accomplishing its ambitious project of further integration and instantaneous electronic Payments (PIX). Practical Implications: The Digital money today’s availability is not instantaneous (up to 2 workdays), it is expensive (up to R$20.00 each transaction) and not able 24 hours per day, all week (only workdays). The physical money is also compounded by hidden costs of storage, packaging, transportation and purchase, making Central Bank of Brazil spend more than R$700.00 million each year. The second tier, from BCB to Commercial Banks, has also potential of being expensive, once transportation, physical installations, third party services, surveillance, and transport represent the majority of those operational costs and should be also applied to commercial banks physical distribution.

African Discourse- Humanities, Literature and Public Sphere

African Discourse- Humanities, Literature and Public Sphere

African Discourse is a literary expression designating the meta-theoretical and metanarrative interpretation of the subject of African predicament in the age of imperialism globalization and imperialism. The issues raised are for good reasons inheritances from the Western modernity, colonialism and neo-colonialism which are largely and collectively acculturation, enculturation and psychological or mental disequilibrium, to use Fraz Fanon analysis or metaphor, of black skin and while mind. This discourse therefore, point blankly and causally places the origin of African predicament or retardation at the door step of European or western modernity which with all its problematic eroded uninterruptedly and calculatively African continent and culture. A definition of African predicament, is therefore, necessary to charting the course of this discourse, it is three fold; the 18th century modernity crisis generated by the problems of the literary and public sphere and as it were inherited by the peripherical states in Africa; the colonial content of modernity and the western invasion of African states; and thirdly the failure of the African to decolonize themselves and propagate their cultural tapestory of literary and public spheres, otherwise, captured here as African philosophy of culture and good governance.

Graduate Seminar: Study Guide

Graduate Seminar: Study Guide

This Graduate Seminar Study Guide is specifically made for graduate students who have Thesis Writing in their degree program. Enrolling in this course (Graduate Seminar) means one is to deal with writing seminar paper, seminar paper presentation, making research poster, and writing research article for journal publication. The main “venue” for these requirements for application purposes is attending academic conferences. Moreover, the ultimate goal of this course is getting research articles published in academic journals. “Going places” literally and figuratively along with the “meeting of the minds” take place when one has the opportunity to participate in academic conferences. Aside from that, having a “sound engagement” with conference speakers, guests, presenters, and other participants help develop one’s intellectual and social skills in public communication. By the way, having a photo opportunity with experts in the field and guest celebrities while attending academic conferences is something to look forward to no matter what. All these things among others would be more meaningful if one has something to present in plenary or parallel sessions. This Graduate Seminar Study Guide aims to encourage graduate students to share their expertise either in academic conferences or via journal publications.

Second Language Teaching: A Study Guide

Second Language Teaching: A Study Guide

Module 1 explores on the approaches, methods, and strategies in Second Language Teaching (SLT) or English Language Teaching (ELT). It introduces some modern trends in education, Internet links for learning and teaching the English language, innovative learning strategies, and Gardner’s Multiple Intelligences. It also discusses some overviews on listening, speaking, and reading. The Learning Tasks/Activities include discussion on the Principles of Second Language Acquisition (SLA), speech production, text analysis, translation, IQ, EQ, and classroom environment (then and now). Figures that serve as abstract yet concrete platforms for further ELT studies have mindboggling titles such as the following: Thoughts and Words, Melody and Rhythm, Arts and Research, Watch and Listen, Lights and Colors, Then and Now, Programs and Development, and Life and Leisure. Assessments require the students to submit a picture dictionary and a PowerPoint presentation.

The Export Processing Zone Strategy and SocioEconomic Development in Nigeria

The Export Processing Zone Strategy and SocioEconomic Development in Nigeria

This study examined the contribution of Export Processing Zones to the socio-economic development of Nigeria. The country adopted the EPZ strategy in 1992 with the establishment of Calabar Free Trade Zone to diversify the economy, accelerate industrialization, acquire modern technologies, create jobs, and attract FDIs. Since then 25 zones have been registered out of which 11 are operational, 9 under construction and 5 merely declared. In this study, the endogenous growth theory was adopted as the theoretical framework of analysis. It focuses on the institution of a knowledge-based human capital accumulation system and structures through learning by doing externalities, investment in research and development (R and D) activities that will generate new ideas enhance technological progress and improve quality of products via the zones. Four zones, (Calabar, Oil and Gas, Snake Island and ALSCON) were randomly selected. Two hundred and ninety (290) copies of questionnaires were administered on 290 respondents selected from 54 FZEs and 4 Zonal Management Boards. Out of this number 242 properly completed questionnaires served as the sample size for the data analysis. Primary and secondary data were used in the study. Data collected were analyzed using descriptive statistics such as frequency and percentage distribution. Views on the research assumptions were presented and discussed exhaustively. The study revealed that EPZs have not substantially contributed to Nigeria’s socio-economic development. This is because the zones have not significantly enhanced the industrialization process, economic diversification, technology transfer, employment generation, etc. It concluded that for the EPZs to contribute meaningfully to Nigeria’s socio-economic development they must accelerate the industrialization and diversification, increase export of manufactured goods, and create jobs. Some of the recommendations are that value addition should be made compulsory in the production processes; R and D must be made central to EPZ’s operations and that deliberate efforts must be made to increase the exports of manufactured goods and government should endeavour to stabilize the power situation at the zones.

Enquadramento Normativo na Organização – Estatutos e Regulamento do Asilo de Infância Desvalida da Horta na Monarquia e na 1.ª República

Enquadramento Normativo na Organização – Estatutos e Regulamento do Asilo de Infância Desvalida da Horta na Monarquia e na 1.ª República

O Asilo da Infância Desvalida da Horta, situado na cidade da Horta, Ilha do Faial, nos Açores, Portugal, foi fundado em 1858 e funcionou com esta designação até 1971. O seu objetivo central era o de socorrer a pobreza extrema e situação de abandono dos expostos do sexo feminino. Aquando da monarquia em Portugal, os Estatutos de 1860 e o Regulamento de 1876 forneciam as orientações normativas para o funcionamento do Asilo de Infância Desvalida da Horta. Após a implantação em Portugal da república, em 1910, os Estatutos de 1912 passaram a orientar normativamente o funcionamento da instituição. Este enquadramento jurídico, sendo interessante e profícuo comparar os diversos documentos que, ao contrário do que seria, porventura, expectável por esta transformação de regime político, não demonstra, todavia, uma alteração profunda nesta dimensão formal

Language Research Methodology: Study Guide

Language Research Methodology: Study Guide

The word “research” is associated with scientific process and is tied up with writing a thesis or dissertation. It’s just that the term “research” is considered generic compared to “thesis” which sounds so academic. In layman’s term, when we do a research, we tend to go to some sources (tangible or intangible) to find a solution to a problem or to know more about a certain thing. We do some observations, readings, interviews, or even resort to something considered supernatural. We know that in the academe, we can’t begin our research without a problem. “My problem is that I do not have a problem” is always the problem of a student of a research course (Thesis Writing). How will you go about making a thesis outline if you’re not that interested to find one more problem “added to your cart” because you’ve got enough problems already? One more thing, you enrolled in this course because you’re required to do so for you to graduate, right? Because of this, you’re “forced” to find or make a statement of the problem to proceed then move on. First you gotta do is to convert the word “forced” to “inspired”. Some of you are into reading novels, blogs, or what is in the WattPad, I suppose. Of course, it’s a fact that writers couldn’t write if they don’t have something inside their heart (okay, head). You cannot share what you don’t have, remember that. Do you have something inside there to share to the universe? Granting that you have it, is it enough for you to proceed to writing your thesis outline? No? Of course, common sense dictates that writing a thesis outline is different from writing a novel or post a blog. That’s it, writing your thesis outline starts from being inspired to using your common sense and viceversa. If you don’t have any inspiration, make one. However, research writing is more than just dealing with common sense (this is basic, master it) and having an inspiration (find your strength in love). What then is it? It’s for you to discover. One thing for sure, you have to study about something essential so that you will have something to write in the “Significance of the Study” section in Chapter 1(Introduction). Since you’re dealing with something essential, you have to pass across borders. There you have it!