BANTUCRACY: Political Theory for the New World Order
By: Claver BOUNDJA
Professor of Philosophy and Development Sciences
Marien N’gouabi University; Congo
Our time, with the proliferation of mass media, is strongly marked by the presence of political debates around democratic governance. The political question is now locked in the governance of polls and public opinion by the media, in a closed totality, without an opening towards the analysis of models of governance, however much discussed in circles of researchers in political theory. In a gigantic world of objects, where marketing and advertising permanently occupy the eyes, politics becomes a festive game of illusionists without vision, totally dedicated to the magic of the spectacle. And since the game has no historical continuity, the instant of the political game each time falls, arms and baggage, into nothingness after political meetings, without leaving any reserve-viaticum, in the form of the adequate governance of men. In short, in today’s times, political and social actors are plunged into a psycho- pathocracy of monetary law, a kind of power through money and for money. Now, the power of money affects the collective psyche through and through, to the point where societal relations are assessed in terms of purchasing power.
With political regimes now installed under the banner of heterogeneous democracies, it is commonly accepted in the circles of political actors to think about the conditions for their sustainability, rather than considering the possibility of the advent of another form of political regime, which would not bear the qualifier of participatory democracy. Political governance has become sedimented as an entity for the conquest of political power, that is to say as a solid crystal within which powers are organized and exercised for powers, in institutional and practical forms, far from the search for the well-being of people.
Over the past decades, the tendency of researchers in philosophy and political science has been to deepen democratic theory, with the proposal of different models of democracy. But these models are less and less applicable. Model-based strategies encourage theorists to over-generalize the place and functions of typical ideal characteristics of democracy, such as deliberation and elections.
This study, which aims to be philosophical, breaks the ties that attach political thought to modern participatory democracy at all costs and at all costs, to return to the African Bantu and ancient Greek sources of human governance. Faced with the cloudy horizon and the breathlessness of current political models, inherited from the modernity of power in the West, thought out by contract philosophers and advocated by supporters of economic liberalism, it is beneficial to return to the sources of human power and to the founding principles of political power, to think about its origin, operation and purpose, with a new perspective.