Being and Existence-An Anthropocentric Metaphysics and Poetry
By: Maduabuchi Dukor
Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka, Nigeria
Being and Existence is, in this work, examined from, unpopular combination of philosophical doctrines that would have, as western humanists had perceived them, remained disparate concepts in the world dominated by materialism, science and theory. Similarly, anthropocentric metaphysics is a voluptuous and amorphous amalgam of notions whose meanings are consistent and unified as a whole in the extent African cosmography but which in the Western philosophy are different schools and thoughts with often contradictory nuances and meanings. The basic keywords in his work, though of different histories, are therefore integrated into a whole here to answer to the pertinent question of being and Existence spanning from before life, to life-hereafter which burden explanation resides in anthropocentricism and metaphysics of life and death.
Admittedly, anthropocentric metaphysics is arguable in Western philosophy while it is extant in African philosophy where it is employed to explain the odyssey of man from cradle to eternity, from the world to the world beyond and has all that it takes to be humanistic. On the contrary, Martin Heidegger’s influence on post humanism is the destruction of metaphysics, technology and overcoming of anthropocentrism. All other post humanist theories in literature like Jacques Derrida had their influences from Martin Heidegger. The metaphysical and mystical intrinsic value of anthropocentrism, though denied in some western philosophy, has strong grounding in the African philosophy and at most branded weak anthropocentrism or anthropomorphism. The lack of such metaphysical grounding results, however, in wrongheaded view of anthropocentricism is the belief that human beings are the most important entity in the universe and interprets the world in terms of human values and experiences then the definition of humanism as anthropocentricity or human centeredness has a stronger claim. But the other genre of anthropocentrism upheld by the African and oriental is the theistic one, simply and properly called anthropocentric metaphysics to be distinguished from bare anthropocentricism otherwise, called humanism. Unlike the later, anthropocentric metaphysics is theocentricism that is, belief that God is the central aspect to our existence and humanism, that is, and putting human interest above others in relation to God. Anthropocentric metaphysics is therefore a theory of humanism and theism, eloquently expressed in African culture and propounded as “Theistic humanism of African philosophy”.