Education of Youth in Sub-Saharan Nations: Challenges and Opportunities
By: Ilan Bijaoui
Bar Ilan University, Israel
International Business and Innovation Institute, Israel
Elementary school completion rate is low in SSA nations at 69% contrasted with 91% in South Asia and at least 94% in other regions (Baah-Boateng 2016, UN, 2015). Gross Enrolment ratio (GER) is 43% at the secondary level compared to South Asia with 66% and at least 80% in other regions.
Access to tertiary education is of 8.6% contrasted with 21.9% in South Asia and 33.1%-64.4% in developed countries. This situation is because Sub-Saharan Africa has the most elevated out-of-school rates for all age groups (UNESCO, 2018). Education is the key for economic development. Changing such a situation starts at the bottom, by improving children enrollment rate in school. Outcomes policies that attack the root causes of poverty and inequality lead to transformative results for children (Hujo and Carter, 2019). Promoting the physical, social, emotional, and mental health of children by expanding equality of income, access to pre-school education, tolerable work, and health care are required to improve school enrolment.
We analyze the out of school circumstance and its reasons, the current programs, and their effect. We present proficient models ready to improve out of school education level. Given this analysis, we propose an out of school education and training policy based on the experience and outcomes of educational and support programs for out of school children in SAA nations.