A Pragmatic Theory of Listening : Theory and Practice
By : Arifuddin
University of Mataram
Hearing or listening capacity is a big gift from the Creator, an invaluable present. In reality, many people live with an unexpected misfortune, the deaf status. One important thing missing, hearing, or listening ability. Nevertheless, they can also survive and adapt to their life activities, live normally. Excellent!
Why is listening important? To begin with, it is important to present only two general definitions of ‘listening’, though a variety of definitions of listening are available. The first, Goss (1982) defines listening as “the process of taking what you hear and organizing it into verbal units to which you can apply meaning”. The second, Wolvin and Coakley (1996) define listening as “the process of receiving, attending to, and assigning meaning to aural and visual stimuli”. Based on the two definitions, listening is something to do with getting the ‘meaning’ uttered by the speaker or sounded by the audio or audio-visual media.
Arifuddin is a professor in Language and Literature Education at the English language department University of Mataram Indonesia. He holds Ph.D. in Language and Literature Education from the State University of Surabaya Indonesia. His research interest includes Pragmatics, Applied Linguistics, TEFL, Psycholinguistics, Language Assessment and English for Tourism