Online First Articles

Effects of Human Resources Training on Employee Perceived Performance: Comparison of Somalia-Turkiye Telekommunication Bussinesses

Burhan Abdullahi HUSSE─░N1 and Ebru AYKAN2

1. Erciyes University, Kayseri/Turkey

2. Erciyes University, Kayseri/Turkey,  Applied Sciences College, Human Resource Management Department


Abstract: The present study was conducted to investigate the effects of human resources training on employee perceived performance in telecommunication business and to compare such relations in two businesses operating in Somali and Turkey. The research was conducted on 240 participants employed in a telecommunication organization operating Galkio province of Somali (Golis Telekom) and a telecommunication organization operating in Kayseri province of Turkey (Türk Telekom). Current findings revealed that there were significant relationships between human resources training and perceived performance of employees and human resources training had significant impacts on perceived performance of employees. It was also observed that average training level and performance of Türk Telekom employees were higher than the employees of Golis Telekom and the differences in their training levels and performances were found to be significant. 

Key Words: Human Resources Training, Perceived Performance of Employees, Human Resources Management, Training, Performance, Employee 

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Downstream Stockpiling of Steel Inventories and Artificial Demand: The Case of Saudi Arabia

Dr. Fadye S. AlFayad


Abstract: This research study has analyzed how downstream stockpiling within the steel industry and its supply channel actually disrupts the efficiency of the supply chain. The premise upon which this study has been approached is one that states that such downstream stockpiling tends to create artificial demand both upstream in the supply chain and in the marketplace. This subject is examined within the context of the Saudi Arabia steel industry and how this type of phenomenon resulted in steel shortages within the Saudi steel market. The study’s data found that the Saudi steel market is expected to expand at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of some 11.7% over the next several years. Furthermore, Saudi Arabia has experienced a number of periods of shortages in the supply of steel products. These steel shortages were shown to have resulted in spikes in the price of the commodity for supply chain participants and consumers. The data and information in this study all support the notion that a certain amount of volatility within Saudi Arabia with respect to the steel industry and the supply chain exists. The Kingdom has attempted to compensate for supply chain hoarding and stockpiling by increasing its domestic output which can be utilized to smooth out supply shortages within the supply chain. The study found that the actual result of this rationale in developing buffers is that it quickly transitions into stockpiling. This in turn results in further negative outcomes such as bullwhip effects up and downstream in the supply channel. The information that has been studied revealed that this point at which buffer inventories cross over into what is referred to as hoarding territory can be found through a specific formula. This formula was shown to be the EOQ calculation or the economic order quantity. This calculation utilizes real demand times in the supply chain along with re-ordering costs divided by the product carrying cost to arrive at an accurate figure. In practice, if the EOQ finds that the annual total steel expense exceeds the annual carrying costs for the inventory then there is excessive inventory or stockpiling in the supply chain. The study has also found that the Saudi Arabia supply chain requires a more efficient way to organize the product flow through the entire steel supply chain. This more efficient methodology would be a supply chain that is organized through the fast-moving, slow-moving and non-moving methodology. This methodology ensures that slow-moving steel products like crude steel, flats and galvanized steel are assigned to the slow-moving category and inventory these items at much lower levels.

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Capital Structure and Firm Performance in the Nigerian Cement Industry

EL-Maude, Jibreel Gamboand Abdul-Rahman Ahmadand Ahmad, Mohammed Musa3

1. Department of Accountancy, MAUTECH Yola

2. School of Postgraduate Studies, Department of Accounting, Bayero University Kano

3. School of Preliminary Studies, Sule Lamido University, Kafin Hausa, Jigawa State


Abstract: The study examines the impact of capital structure on financial performance of firms in Nigerian cement industry. The population of the study 7 companies, a sample of 4 listed companies were selected. The research design is ex-post factor using two models to analyse the impacts of long term and short term debts on Return on Assets (ROA) and Return on Equity (ROE). The study uses balanced panel data of 20 observations from the 4 listed companies for the periods ranging from 2010-2014. Descriptive statistics, correlation and regression are used as tools of analysis. The study reveals that, there is statistically significant effect between long and short term liability on Return on Assets (ROA) and Return on Equity (ROE). The study however, concluded that the performance of companies in the cement industry is not optimized as a result of their inability to utilized debts in their capital structures. Finally, the paper recommends that, cement companies should encourage the use of long term debt in there capital structure since it has positive impact on their financial performance

Key Words: Capital Structure, Ownership Structure, Firm Performance & Cement Industry

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Investigate Students’ Attitudes toward Computer Based Test (CBT) at chemistry course

Amnah Hassan Dammas

Department of Education Management and Developing - Females Ministry of Education - Jeddah- Saudia Arabia  


Abstract: Computer Based Assessment (CBT) is being a highly widespread method to assess students’ fulfillment at the university level. This study seeks to examine the attitude of the students towards computer-based test (CBT) at the KAU - Saudi Arabia Jeddah. Quantitative approach using survey questionnaire was adopted to carry out the current study using convenience-sampling technique. The sample consists of (60) undergraduate students who had taken the exam on CBT were selected from college of science - chemistry department to examine their perceptions towards CBT. To achieve this aim, the researchers examine the possibility of using student feedback in the effectiveness of this method in assessment. The findings show that: the majority of respondents have positive attitude towards CBT, (83.7 %) of students said they were competent with the use of computer due to their prior experience. Regarding test administration, they reported that there are some errors in the chemical equations, formulas, construction in the exam sections, and inadequate time. Nevertheless, they achieved the exam successfully and reached satisfaction through CBT features such as direct scoring, validity, and transparency in grading. The bottom line, CBT experience will become favorable for students and then will earn its effectiveness in the context of assessments methods.

Keywords: Computer Based Test (CBT), Chemistry course, Undergraduate Students, computer experience.

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The Undergraduate College Education in USA:  Schools with Best and Worst ROI

Raj K. Kohli

Judd Leighton School of Business and Economics, Indiana University South Bend, 1700 Mishawaka Avenue, South Bend


Abstract: This study examined the ROI, total 4-year education cost, graduation rate and average loan amount for undergraduate education across schools in USA.  The results indicate that students from Southwest region of USA enjoyed highest mean ROI (6.69%) along with highest median ROI (6.50%) with minimum standard deviation of 2.03% among all five regional analyzed over 20-yeasr period.  Yale University reports the highest graduation rate of 98 percent in the nation.  Georgia Institute of Technology (In-state) enjoyed highest ROI of 12.30 percent over 20-years period of study. 

Keywords: College,  ROI, Cost, Graduation, Undergraduate

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